Oral and maxillofacial surgeons spend another four years in a hospital-based residency program for surgery after four years of dental school. There, they are trained alongside other medical residents in the techniques that include emergency medicine, general surgery and anesthesiology. They are the only health care specialists (aside from anesthesiologists) who can administer all levels of sedation, up to general anesthesia.
Oral and maxillofacial surgeons focus on treating problems related to the hard (Bone) and soft tissues of the face, mouth, and jaws.
The Oral surgeon can also set a solid foundation for cosmetic and restorative dentistry. Depending on the condition of the jaw, other procedures may be required for proper placement of Dental implants. The extensive clinical experience the Oral and maxillofacial surgeons bring to their patients can provide help with facial pain and infection, biopsies and removal of lesions, and diagnosis and treatment of some oral cancers.