Orthodontic treatment is often recommended to correct abnormalities in the jaw and tooth position, such as an overbite or protruding (“buck”) teeth. Your dentist may diagnose these deficiencies or, more commonly, he or she may refer you to an orthodontist for treatment. Corrective treatment may include one or more of the following treatments:
- Braces: the most common type of corrective treatment, involving brackets that are attached to your teeth and wire that helps move your teeth into place. There are several types of braces, including clear braces and self-ligating braces.
- Invisalign®: custom-fitted, clear aligners that move your teeth into their proper position. These appliances are removable and almost invisible.
- Headgear: often used in conjunction with braces, headgear helps guide the growth of the face and jaws until they are in their proper positions. It can also help prevent teeth from moving out of place.
- Palatal Expander: a device used to create more space in the mouth by gradually widening the upper jaw. This appliance is most often used with children whose mouths and jaws are still developing.
Orthodontics is a specific branch of dentistry that focuses on correcting teeth and jaw irregularities. An orthodontist’s schooling focuses on the specific issues and corrective techniques regarding the facial structure. While many general dentists offer orthodontic services, it is highly recommended that you receive your treatment from a trained and specialized orthodontist.