Orthodontics (from the Greek word, meaning “straight” or “upright”) is an area of dentistry concerned with the correct bite to improve tooth function. It is known that in addition to severe malocclusion, cosmetic defects lead to disease of the teeth and gums. The age limits for orthodontic treatment has expanded considerably. Previously, it was thought that malocclusion could be corrected only in childhood. In modern orthodontics, it can be performed successfully in older patients as well. In the arsenal of modern orthodontics, many devices are available to move teeth into the desired position.
Adjusting the position of the teeth can be done with two types of appliances: removable and non-removable
Removable devices are plastic plates for the upper and lower jaw. The orthodontic appliance is custom made with a personalized cast and firmly retained on the patient’s teeth. Retained hardware (bracket system) is fixed in the mouth for the entire course of treatment. Its elements are glued to the teeth and are not meant to be removed by the patient. This method is very effective, and the gold standard to correct malocclusion.
The advantages are:
- Opportunity to correct bite at any age
- Absolutely harmless to the patient
- Moving the teeth in three planes
- No negative impact on the speech
- Alignment of the teeth occurs constantly without effort on the part of the patient